Ancient Egypt is super cool!All those weird gods withhuman bodies, animal heads,mummies, pyramids and the Book of the Dead.



The Essential Question EgyptWhat evidence can you offer that proves the ancient Egyptians believed in an afterlife? The evidence must be from all aspects of the civilization recipe, such as Egypt's system of government, social classes, specialization of labor, stable food supply and culture. When considering culture you should consider, religious ceremonies, architecture, writing and art. One very important ancient Egyptian concept that must be included is the concept of Ma'at or Maat.



Ancient Egypt Goals
On a “historical map” identify the following locations – Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea, Nile River, Nile Delta, Nile Cataracts, Libyan Desert, Egypt, Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt.

Understand and apply Words in History – Egypt.

Understand the terms Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt and the direction that the Nile River flows.

Describe the role of the pharaoh as a god/king.

Describe Egyptian polytheistic religion as it relates to an afterlife, mummification, architecture and the role of gods.

Describe the concept of Ma’at or Maat as it relates to the Pharaoh, the ancient Egyptians and to us today.

Summarize important achievements such as, the obelisk, the calendar, hieroglyphics and papyrus as a writing material.

Write an expository essay on the essential question – What evidence can you give to prove that the ancient Egyptians believed in an afterlife. You must offer evidence from all of the characteristics of a civilization.






BBC Egypt Pyramid Builder
The pharaoh has ascended to the throne. Now it's time to prepare for his afterlife when he will become one with Osiris. It is time to build his tomb. Our pharaoh lived during the Old Kingdom so his tomb is going to be a pyramid. The pharaoh has put you in charge. Play the Pyramid Challenge by clicking on the picture below. Make the right choices during construction because if your pyramid is a failure the pharaoh will send you to the underworld.


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British Broadcasting Company







Pyramids and Temples

I once read that if a comparison could be made in regards to the monumental architecture of the Old Kingdom to the New Kingdom it would show a movement in emphasis from tombs to temples. Under this premise you would have the most ambitous pyramid tomb building of the Old Kingdom compared to the cult and mortuary temples of the New Kingdom. The tombs of the Valley of the Kings might be considered an anomaly to this primise due to their craftsmanship in engineering, stonecutting and painting, or maybe not due to the fact that the craftsmanship was essentially for the dead to admire and not the living.

The picture below is a link to PBS show NOVA. Once you are on the NOVA page click on Launch Interactive. This will take you to a page that has virtual tours of Old Kingdom sites such as the Giza Plateau pyramids and the Sphinx. It also has New Kingdom sites such as the temple complexes of Karnak and the modern day city of Luxor (ancient Thebes). These virtual tours are 360 degree views with very sharp and clear images that also allow you to move into a few areas of the site. Information regarding the history of each site is also available. This particular page also has an interactive map that offers a more in-depth view of these historical sites. Its worth the trip, so check it out.




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www.pbs.org



The Karnak Temple ComplexUnderstanding exactly what Karnak is can be difficult. To say it is the location of a temple would be oversimplifying it. Ancient Egyptian history is over three thousand years old and temple building at Karnak took place there over much of that time. Pharaohs







Egypt Visual Words in History - This video puts a picture with a vocabulary word and gives a more indepth description of each word.







This is the video for homework.

You do not have to watch the second video below this one!!!

Discussion question - click on word clouds next to Edit button.

How would you build a pyramid? Here is a short You Tube video that shows the most popular theories on how the ancient Egyptians did it?


http://www.unmuseum.org/kpyramid.htm




This video is called Building the Great Pyramid from the British Broadcasting Company. It is from You Tube. It is about a fictional ancient Egyptian called Nacht, who is recruited to build the Great Pyramid at the Giza Plateau by the Pharaoh Khufu.



















British Broadcasting Company


Bring Out the Dead!
Getting ready for the trip through eternity!


Today many people across the world believe in some form of an afterlife, that is a life after death. Many people believe that this afterlife will be a spiritual one in which the soul or consciousness of the person lives on while the physical body does not. The ancient Egyptians also believed that they could achieve an afterlife. If they followed the principles of Ma'at on Earth when they died they could live an afterlife in a place they called the "Field of Reeds". the afterlife for the ancient Egyptians would be very different, the afterlife in the Field of Reeds would be very much like their life on Earth.


Oriental Institute University of Chicago
Click on the picture below to embalm your own dead pharaoh preparing him for his afterlife.


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The Egyptian Book of the Dead!!!Don't be afraid!Say it like it should be saidThe Book ... of the Dead!!!

The Egyptian Book of the Dead. Click on the picture below to go to part 1 on You Tube. The video is separated into 10 parts. The video tells the story of two people from two different periods of time, both connected by the Book of the Dead. One part tells the story about Wallace Budge an archeologist who in 1887 procures an ancient scroll of the Book of the Dead for the British Museum. The other tells the story of Ani an ancient Egyptian scribe who lived around 1250 BCE. It is his Book of the Dead that Wallace Budge procures for the British Museum. We are interested in only watching the parts of the video that tell the story of the ancient Egyptian named Ani. Your paper gives you the times to watch for each part.












































Book of the Dead History Channel


Here is a link to an interesting video on History.com concerning the Great Pyramid on the Giza Plateau. Its short and has no voice over, but it has some interesting graphics and visuals. Give it a look.
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Nile Delta